Comparing the House and Senate Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
On November 2, 2017, the House Ways and Means Committee released their comprehensive tax reform proposal, Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (H.R. 1). On November 9, the Senate Finance Committee unveiled their own tax proposal. It is widely expected that both bills will be considerably amended as they go through the legislative process.
Although there will be a lot of discussion and changes to the tax proposals, here is what we know so far:
CCIM Institute’s Priority Issues
|Current||House Bill (H.R. 1)||Senate Plan
|1031 Like Kind Exchanges||Allows investors to defer capital gains taxes on the exchange of like-kind properties.||Eliminates the exchange for personal property but preserves the exchange for real estate.||Eliminates the exchange for personal property but preserves the exchange for real estate.
|Corporate Tax Rate||35% corporate tax rate||Effective 2018, a 20% flat corporate tax rate and 25% flat rate for personal service corporations.||Effective 2019, a 20% flat corporate tax rate and eliminates the special rate for personal service corporations.
|Section 179D Deduction for Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings||Set to remain expired as of December 31, 2016||Not Addressed||Not Addressed
|Taxed same as income with the current top marginal rate 39.4%||Effective 2018, 70% of income taxed as wages and 30% taxed as business income (25%) with the ratio adjusted based on capital investment.||Effective 2018, 17.4% deduction for non-wage income, but only if taxable income is below $75,000 ($150,000).
|Carried Interest||Allows a share of an investment’s profits paid to the investment manager exceeding the amount that the manager contributes to the partnership.||Retained but a 3-year hold period is required to qualify.||Retained but a 3-year hold period is required to qualify.
|State and Local Tax Deduction||Allows deductions for sales, income and property tax||Property tax deduction is capped at $10,000. Repeals itemized deduction of state and local income and sales tax.||Repeals itemized tax deduction for state and local taxes for individuals but allows a deduction for sales and property taxes incurred in business.
|Mortgage Interest Deduction||$1,000,000 cap||$500,000 cap for new mortgages but disallows any deduction for interest on home equity loans.||Retains the $1,000,000 cap but disallows any deduction for home equity loan interest.
|Estate and Gift Taxes||Estate Tax exemption is currently $5,490,000||Effective 2018, increases the estate exemption amount to $11,200,000. Repeals the estate taxes for decedents dying after 2024. Lowers the federal gift tax from 40%-35% effective 2025.||Effective 2018, increases the estate tax exemption amount to $11,200,000. Does not repeal the estate tax in the future.
|Corporate Alternative Minimum Tax||Alternative tax rate to calculate a corporation’s tax liability.||Effective 2018, would repeal the corporate AMT. For 2019-2021, if a taxpayer has AMT credit carryforward, the taxpayer could claim a refund of 50% of remaining credits and could claim all remaining credits for 2022.||Effective 2018, would repeal corporate AMT. Allows the AMT credit to offset the taxpayer’s regular tax liability for any tax year. For 2018-2020 the AMT credit would be refundable equal to 50% of the excess of the minimum tax credit for the tax year over the amount of the credit allowable for the year against regular tax liability and 100% beginning in 2021.
|Historic Tax Credit||20% credit to certified historic structures.||Repeals the credit with a transition rule for expenditures incurred through a 24-month period beginning 180 days after January 1, 2018.||Repeals the 10% credit for pre-1936 buildings and reducing the credit for qualified rehabilitation expenditures to certified historic structures to 10%.
We are pleased to announce Gabhart Investments has recently closed on a 13-unit multifamily property in Fallbrook, a property with a 2-star rating.
725 Alturas Lane was sold at 10% over asking price. Gabhart Investments was able to work with both the Buyer and Seller to produce a quick transaction that yielded the highest possible benefit for both parties. The Seller was able to net almost $500K over the original expectation.
This 13 unit apartment building is a value-add opportunity teeming with potential. It is composed of 12 2 bed/2 bath units, which are incredibly spacious, and 1 detached 2 bed/2 bath unit. The property had a lot of deferred maintenance and the new owner will be spending $20K to $30K per door putting in new kitchens, bathroom, flooring and taking care of a long list of deferred maintenance items. The property is 100% occupied at the time of sale and has a lot of room to increase rents which make this property a great investment opportunity. It is projected to have over 6.50 cap rate after renovations and increasing rents.
The property is located in a quiet area just minutes away from shopping and restaurants. Fallbrook has a population of just over 50,000 but is continuing to grow due to its quaint location and proximity to the military base and surrounding areas.
Over the past four quarters, investors have been busy trading assets in North County, making it one of the more active submarkets in turnover in San Diego. The majority of trades involve 1 & 2 and 3 star stock, often with deferred maintenance.
How My Views on Commercial Real Estate Are Changing
By: Blake Imperl
As I am approaching the end of my first month as an intern at Gabhart Investments, I’d like to reflect on what I’ve learned, and what has changed thus far.
What I’ve Been Doing
Over the past few weeks, I have been spending a lot of time reading the material Curtis has provided me on Property Valuation & Investment Analysis. Although it is mainly an overview of the subject, it has proved to be some highly valuable content. This material essentially picked up where I left off in my Real Estate Investment Analysis class that I took last semester at San Diego State. I have been brushing up on subjects like tax benefits, 1031 exchanges, expenses, leverage, returns, evaluating cash flow, and much more. I still have a great deal of learning to do on these subjects, but it is exciting to see how what I’ve learned in the classroom correlates to real world applications. It is my intention to continue to read up on these subjects and ask as many questions as I can.
I’ve also been observing how Curtis and his team assemble marketing packages for commercial properties they are listing. I was doing things similar to this at my last internship at Realty National, so I’ve enjoyed seeing how this translates in the commercial arena
Commercial Real Estate Blog Posts
Another task I have taken on is the editing of Curtis’s blog posts. My first edit was a post on property walkthroughs. One tremendous benefit of doing this has been the information I’m learning is sticking much deeper than if I just glanced over it. It’s proved to be a great learning tool for me and I’ve even taken on the task of researching some of the topics I was curious about. Writing has always been a passion of mine, so getting the opportunity to revise and write some stuff has been great. I’m excited that I will get to continue to edit blog posts during my time here.
This past week I had a great learning opportunity with Curtis to do a walkthrough of a 13-unit apartment building in Fallbrook. I was able to learn about some of the things you should be looking for in a property, both on the interior and exterior. This was a neat real life application after reading Curtis’s article on property walkthroughs. This is certainly the kind of stuff you’d never learn in a class room.
13-Unit Apartment Building In Fallbrook
La Jolla Multi-Family Building
Another property we looked at was a 5 unit multi-family building in La Jolla. This was a very intriguing property because it had great bones, was less than a block to the beach and offered several routes for renovation. When walking the property, we looked at things like the condition of the floors, the bathrooms, kitchens, balconies, electrical, etc… It was far from move-in-ready, however, at the right price this could prove to be a great deal.
Curtis and Abe inspecting the condition of the upstairs balcony
the interior of the detached studio
Co-Star Lunch & Learns
In addition to the property walkthrough, I’ve also attended two Co-Star lunch and learns with Curtis and his assistant Dianne. The one that stood out to me was on the housing forecast over the next few years in San Diego County. I enjoyed this meeting because this is a real problem we will be tasked with fixing over the next decade. This past semester in my investment analysis class I did a great deal of research on this subject, so it was neat to hear the industry take on the issue.
Lastly, I have very much enjoyed the opportunity to pick Curtis’s brain. He’s always offering me valuable tips and knowledge about real estate and just life in general. Whether it be tips on client relations, listing properties, or even just financial management, I’ve been trying to act like a sponge of knowledge. He’s always honest about things and I respect that.
My views on real estate are growing stronger than ever and I’m excited all the learning opportunities that lie ahead. I am finding that the San Diego Commercial Real Estate Market contains more possibilities than I ever could have expected. Stay posted for my final update in August!
In a bit,
Intern, Gabhart Investments
Blake Imperl – 22 Year Old Aspiring Commercial Real Estate Professional
I moved from Milwaukee to Scottsdale, Arizona when I was 5 years old. Spending my formidable years in the desert climate, I always had dreams of moving to the beach. As the son of a former real estate developer, I was exposed to real estate from a young age. My dad specialized in multi-family and student housing developments in and around the Milwaukee area. Upon graduating high school at 18, I moved to San Diego to study marine biology at San Diego State University. I quickly realized I wasn’t cut out for the science world and changed my focus to pre-business. It wasn’t until my sophomore year that I decided I wanted to be a management major with a real estate minor. I accredit this route to the all inspiring business professors I had at SDSU and to my involvement with The Real Estate Society. As a person who thrives on leadership and entrepreneurial opportunities, the knowledge and values I acquired during my time at SDSU will serve me for the rest of my career. Outside of real estate, I am an avid musician who plays in a local indie rock band called Stray Monroe. We’ve had the fortune of playing at some great venues around San Diego including The Casbah and Soda Bar and have also been played on 91X and 94.9FM. I also enjoy traveling, spending time with my girlfriend, and practicing Portuguese.
Why did you choose to intern with Gabhart Investments?
I chose to intern with Gabhart investments for several reasons. First, Curtis seems to have an amazing drive and motivation to succeed. From the first time we met, I could sense that he carries himself to a high level of professionalism with an immense entrepreneurial spirit. Though I had been exposed to commercial real estate before meeting with him, I never entertained the idea of making it into a possible career. He definitely opened up my eyes to all the opportunities that could be had in commercial. Second, Curtis is a very generous person who gives back to the real estate community. His involvement with past interns, students, and aspiring professionals, really spoke volumes to me. I sensed that if I gave it my all during this internship that I would get a lot back. Lastly, I really liked the opportunity to learn in a small team environment. I felt that I would get a great deal of hands-on experience and intangible knowledge.
How did you hear about the internship?
I heard about this internship through my former boss, Randy Zimnoch, who is the owner of Realty National. Realty National is an investor-friendly and full-service brokerage based out of Pacific Beach. They’ve developed a stellar team of over 30 agents since their inception in 2011. Randy was crucial in setting me on the career path that I am on now. Without his guidance, I think my focus in real estate would have been entirely different.
Why would you work for free?
Knowledge is invaluable. What I will be learning over the course of this internship far outweighs any minute compensation I could currently earn elsewhere. I realized early on in my college education that you can’t monetize the value of experience, because it’s that very experience which will make you more money down the line. In my initial meeting with Curtis, he asked me about my professional goals. One of the things I told him was that it was a personal goal to be a millionaire by the time I’m 30. He told me through hard work, smart decisions, determination, and a bit of luck that it could be possible. This isn’t to say I anticipate real estate being a get-rich-quick process; I fully understand you need to be in for the long-haul. Judging by how successful he has been thus far, I think it’s safe to say I’m learning from somehow who could teach me some things on how to make that possible.
What are you trying to accomplish?
It is my goal to walk out this internship a much stronger professional that I was before. I will achieve this by applying myself and acting like a sponge of knowledge. I want to understand the commercial arena better and pick up on some things that have made Curtis so successful. I’d like to also understand how I can hit the ground running upon graduation in December of this year. It is my hope that I can add many invaluable tools to my real estate belt that I will be able to utilize for years to come. Lastly, and most importantly, I want to add as much value as I can to Gabhart Investments.
Why is it you are interested in Real Estate?
I touched on this early, but I attribute my interest in real estate to my father and The Real Estate Society at SDSU. From a young age, I remember walking properties with my dad, doing napkin math, and talking real estate. Though I may not have realized it at the time, he was planting the seeds that would eventually grow into a profound interest. Once I got involved with The Real Estate Society in my sophomore year, I began to apply a lot of those concepts my dad and I initially discussed. I went to every guest speaker event, every case study, networked, took notes, and constantly worked on my professional development. I also served as Director of Marketing during my third year and this past year I was Vice President on the executive board. Lastly, I need to thank my many mentors who have helped me along the way; David Smith, Sean Bascom, Kris Kopensky, Mark Goldman, Mike Wolfe, Cody Zindroski, Jessica Barber, and many others. Their support and knowledge have proved to be invaluable.
I will be making monthly posts on my progress here at Gabhart Investments, how my views are changing in regards to real estate, and any other new updates. Stay posted!
In a bit,
2017 Habits Newsletter
Well, we are 3 months into 2017, and I am very excited! Last year was terrific, but I have bigger goals and new commitments for my life.
I would like to divulge some of my habits that I have started to work on this year. Please let me know what you are working on.
In 2017, I am devoted to concentrating on shifting the patterns that will have a huge impact on my life. I have decided that it is time for me to make some serious changes, and it all began with me making a serious commitment to excellence. I would like to share my plan with you. This will help me stay motivated and focused. Sharing my plan with you will also give me an opportunity to learn from you. As John Dunn once said, “No man is an island. No one is complete unto himself.”
I have always been fascinated with the power of the mind, body, and spirit. I firmly believe that you can do anything in life if your mind, body, and spirit are in harmony. Let’s see how we can support each other while pursuing our goals.
Here are a few things that I have set as my goals during this New Year. Please let me know what you are up to. I would love to hear your ideas and learn about your habits.
My first step begins with myself. I know that I have to stay mentally and physically healthy if I expect to be a wonderful father. The same can be said if I expect to live up to my full potential. Mental health and physical health build on each other. They have a close relationship that cannot be broken!
I will simplify my habits and goals into three primary categories.
Here are several habits that I am working on. By the way, what do you do?
I don’t mind waking up early in the morning. Getting my day off to a great start will be my main focus.
When I wake up (5:00 a.m.), I have my radio programmed to get me going with inspirational speeches on Spotify. I proceed with reading a self-improvement book that will inspire me to become a better person.
Have you heard of “Tools of Titans” by Tim Ferriss? What about “Miracle Morning” by Hal Elrod? If you haven’t read them, I encourage you to pick them up today. I am impressed with the layout so much that most of my goals/habits will be simplified into three main categories.
Tim takes exceptional interviews from his podcast “The Tim Ferris Show” and puts his best material into small chapters (2-5 pages). Each chapter has highlights from the interview.
Here are some of my favorite tactics and people from the book:
Former Navy Seal Jocko Wilink – How to bounce back from setbacks and failures in life.
Anthony Robbins – How to maximize your mornings.
Retired Four Star General Stanly McChrystal – How to increase your mental strength with three practices.
The book has three categories that I like and plan on using for my habits.
He has interviewed famous people like Arnold Schwarzenegger, Peter Thiel (billionaire investor), Ric Ruben, and famous motivational speaker Anthony Robbins. They are all world-class superstars in their respective fields.
They have accomplished so many things in their lives. In the book, they are asked simple and funny questions. For instance, they were asked, “What was the best $100 you ever spent?”
Here are three interesting things that stand out in the book:
-The common belief that failure is not durable.
-Almost everyone has been able to turn their biggest weakness into their greatest strength.
-80% of the people featured in the book meditate.
Reading this book has inspired me to form the habit of meditating at least five to ten minutes each day. I can honestly say that meditation has already created a big effect on my life.
For example, I don’t have a problem with falling asleep at night. Before, I could never sleep throughout the night. I have had this problem since I was a child. In many cases, my mind would wake me up in the middle of the night. I would play around with fresh ideas in my head. I would lay there and think about finding new real estate deals for my portfolio.
I have tried meditating in the past, but I did not have any success. I thought that I would be able to sit still in a quiet room with my eyes closed for five minutes. My patience prevented me from having a short meditation session.
Well, I learned something new! I discovered two free apps (limited access for free version), Calm & Headspace. These special apps will guide you through a timed meditation. On Audible, they have “channels” that showcase podcasts. I decided to download several sleep meditations. I must be brutally honest, they have changed my life. After I listen to these guided meditations, I fall asleep like a baby.
Calm & Headspace takes me through a meditative session that last for ten minutes. A calm voice gives you thorough instructions. It really feels like I am getting a stimulating mental massage. I believe that meditation is the best way to restart your brain. Restarting your brain will empty the content that is slowing it down.
I decided to record my daily food intake, and set my calorie limit to 1,500 a day. On occasion, I will add extra calories if I exercise. My fitness pal is one great app that helps me keep track of my calories. I just take a picture of the barcode and it does the rest!
If I continue attending my spin classes, I will accomplish a goal that I have had for many years. I really want to start teaching spin to a younger generation. I used to teach spin when I arrived here in San Diego. Unfortunately, my real estate business started to consume most of my day.
I feel that I can benefit from being a spin substitute teacher. It will help me stay healthy and accountable.
Fit Bit – This was a gift, and I am so happy that my best friend decided to buy it for me. Fit Bit also tracks my sleep. I discovered that I have been able to get at least seven hours of sleep for the past four weeks. This is incredible!
Swim, Spin, Yoga – I choose specific days for these exercises, depending on my mood or how my day is going. For example, I really enjoy swimming in the evening. It helps me relax after a long day at work.
Zig Ziglar once said, “You can have everything in life you want if you will just help enough people get what they want.” I plan on helping five people a day. I think this strategy will help me reach my goals. In real estate, I have learned that relationships are the keys to success.
Saving for Retirement
I really regret not listening to my father earlier in my life. He always stressed how important it is to save. I wish I would have stuffed cash into my Roth Ira when I was in a lower-income bracket.
I always counted on getting a better return from my real estate investments. Well, this approach backfired on me. I should have listened to Dad!
I have divided up the maximum amount that I can deposit into my 401k by 12, and put it into my retirement.
I recently bought the app Robinhood. It helps you trade stocks for free. This is great for anyone who is interested in learning the stock game without putting their money at risk.
I have noticed that my life improves when I fill my head with quality stuff. Listening and learning while driving is incredible!
I now use Acorn to conserve my loose change and use it to fund my traveling. Iended up being able to take my daughters to China for ten days in February. You can do the same if you start saving.
Acorn is simple to use. Submit your bank account information (the site is secure), and your transactions will appear on the screen. It will round each figure to the dollar amount and give you the option of investing your change. Acorn is really helping me when it comes to saving for the future.
Learning how to excel in the kitchen has been a tough struggle. Over time, I have gotten better. I now can cook a decent meal without poisoning someone.
I purchased a Traeger BBQ Grill at Costco. I couldn’t resist the temptation to take it home after having a brief conversation with the salesmen. You simply add wood pellets that willburn at your desired temperature. It is so simple and fun to use!
My kids get excited, but also nervous when I get on the grill. Reading 4-hour Chef by Tim Ferris has helped me become a better cook. The 4-hour chef is the book that introduced me to Tim and his unique writing style.
This book is designed to instruct you on how you can learn anything with ease. It uses cooking as a method of learning.
Reading daily is another habit that I am working on. In February, I read “Tool of Titans”, “The Miracle Morning”, and “The One Thing”. I am fortunate to have my mother as my accountability partner. She has been a big help in 2017. I am learning that commitments require focus, desire, and dedication.
Speaking of Wisdom, I have an upcoming class called Evaluating Commercial Properties 101. Feel free to join us and register with the link below!